In recent years, particularly, curating has emerged as a profession and an important concept in contemporary art. Curating is a term and a title that has been used since the Roman Empire. It has been used in different fields and expansions since then. In terms of visual arts, the curator's existance at the stage of history can be started with the 18th century. However, its definition as a profession and its roles have changed over time. In terms of directing and exhibiting, it is possible to start the curatorial process with Medici collecting, but the destination of the curatorial profession as an institutional model is museum curating. Contemporary art curating, on the other hand, has taken its place in the history of art in real terms since the end of the 1960s, when the first steps of the independent curating approaches were taken, and new adjectives were added to its definition as a profession. Important social, political and cultural events, especially in the 60's, caused many changes in the art world. New art movements emerging in this period of time and after; the criticisms directed to art institutions; especially the biennials, which increased in number in the 90s, led to the development of new approaches on the curatorial profession and to question its definition as a profession. In this study, the historical (literature review) method was used and, in the context of visual arts, the phenomenon of curating was handled chronologically, taking into account the sociological, political and cultural events that have influenced it in the process from its debut to the present day; as a result of this change that has gone through, the definition of the contemporary art curating as a profession was made and its role in the art world was discussed.
curator, artist, exhibition, museum, contemporary art