In the study extended piano techniques and the symbols and expressions used in the notation of the techniques are analyzed. The aim of the study is to explain extended piano techiques with the symbols and expressions used to describe them and create a resource and guide for performers, educators and individuals interested in these techniques. Extended piano techniques and symbols and expressions used to signify these techniques in important works of various composers presented via document analysis, examples of notation and analyzing scores related to these techniques. Among the pieces composed by using extended piano techniques 52 works of 9 composers were examined. The details of the techniques, symbols and expressions used in these works were shown besides the similarities and differences. In conclusion it was found that the extended piano techniques has arised from new searches of composers, thier notation shows similarities and differences according to the choices of composers, the program notes of the scores, symbols and expressions used to signify extended piano techniques in notation is mostly sufficient to discribe what is needed to be done to apply techniques to performers.
Extended Piano Techniques, Modern Piano Techniques, Unconventional Sound Producing Ways on Piano