THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE AMERICAN ABSTRACT ART MOVEMENT WITH COLD WAR TERM POLICIES IN THE CONTEXT OF CLEMENT GREENBERG FORMALISM
CLEMENT GREENBERG BİÇİMCİLİĞİ BAĞLAMINDA AMERİKAN SOYUT SANAT HAREKETİNİN SOĞUK SAVAŞ DÖNEMİ POLİTİKALARI İLE İLİŞKİSİ

Author : Zafer GÜNGEN
Number of pages : 84-97

Abstract

The 20th century has been the scene of the fastest development and transformation of human history. World-wide crises and wars have changed not only geographic boundaries, but also those who living in those regions. The needs of the new class that has emerged with the sociological effects of the industrial revolution have also changed. In the daily life, the idea of an art that people can reach again has emerged. Artists followed the collapse of the aristocracy and the emergence of new economic classes. The American continent, known as the new world, stands out with its structure open to different views and ideas due to the fact that it is a settled establishment established by immigrants. After the end of World War II, the art scene and artists, trapped in a bipolar world order, moved the center of art from Europe to America. This movement has radically altered the history of world art. This work; aims to the Cold War period is to questioning and analyzing the links between the mobility in the art environment during the period until the process progresses and ends. Based on the Clement Greenberg’s formalism who had a strong personality and effect, the relationship between American Abstract Art or Abstract Expressionism movement and American politics of the Cold War period is creating this study’s universe. Study includes the developments before the Cold War, the Cold War period and the situation in this process. In the light of the theoretical foundations of Clement Greenberg's formal approach, the necessary literature research has been made and the data obtained has been analyzed. The analyzes are organized from the researchs which are focuses on the subject, the resources that shape the discussion and the approved statements. The visuals that are important in the subject and which will support the written text are also included.

Keywords

American Abstract Art, Cold War, Clement Greenberg.

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