THE PROVINCIAL GENERAL ASSEMBLIES IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE: AN ASSESSMENT ON THE MEETINGS OF THE MARAS GENERAL ASSEMBLY DATED 1338 (1922)
OSMANLIDA VİLAYET MECLİS-İ UMUMİLERİ VE 1338 (1922) TARİHLİ MARAŞ MECLİSİ UMUMİSİ GÖRÜŞMELERİ ÜZERİNE BİR DEĞERLENDİRME

Author : Erhan ALPASLAN
Number of pages : 46-73

Abstract

The manner of working and organization of the central and local administration are vital in terms of ruling-ruled relations in the administration of the country. Because, throughout history, societies have been in search of a political organization in order to live in peace and this has led to the emergence of structures such as states. In the structure of state, some mechanisms have been established in order to ensure a more harmonious functioning of central and local relations and some changes have been made over time. In addition to the central administration, it is important to reveal the forms of organization in provinces and sanjaks to understand the situation of both the country and the local administrations. Some changes occurred in the central and provincial administration of the Ottoman Empire, which had a centralist and absolutist structure, over time. One of the most important changes made in Ottoman provincial administration was the establishment of the Provincial General Assemblies. These assemblies fulfilled the duty of an advisory council and continued until the Republic period. The Provincial General Assemblies acted in accordance with the instructions sent from the center to ensure the central authority and a better order in the provinces. The Provincial General Assemblies also worked to solve province's health, education, agriculture and population etc. problems. This study is based on the report of Maras General Assembly dated 1338/1922. The report consists of 12 sessions. In these sessions, the issues related to the region such as education, public works, health, population, budget ere discussed. In these meetings, the President of the Assembly and other members expressed their views on the issues on the agenda. Main source of this study is the report of Maras Province General Assembly. The main purpose of the study is to reveal the works of Maras Province General Assembly and the socio-economic structure of the region in this period.

Keywords

Maras, Provincial Regulations, Provincial assembly, Local administration.

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