A HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF THE TURKISH CYPRIOT PRESS: FROM STRUGGLING AGAINST ENOSIS TO PUBLIC OPINION MERCHANDISING
KIBRIS TÜRK BASININA TARİHSEL BİR BAKIŞ: ENOSİS’E KARŞI MÜCADELEDEN KAMUOYU TACİRLİĞİNE

Author : Hasan ERÇAKICA
Number of pages : 339-350

Abstract

Turkish Cypriot newspapers started publication in order to have the voice of Turkish Cypriots heard in the struggle they put forward against uniting Cyprus with Greece and to strengthen the Muslim Turkish identity on the island. The adventure which started in 1889 continues to exist within the democratic structure of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Turkish Cypriot press never gained a commercial quality throughout its history and always tried to exist with support of leaders, political parties or the state for the purposes of political goals. Turkish Cypriot press which was influenced by various problems, particularly by the change in demographic structure due to migration and settlement problems stemming from displacement, became part of the ‘clientelism system’ that determined the political structure of the TRNC. Despite a significant loss of reputation nowadays, Turkish Cypriot press tries to shape the public opinion and stands on by providing a service of ‘shaping the public opinion’ particularly to political leaders and political parties. This study captures the role played by Turkish Cypriot journalism in the Turkish Cypriot community by focusing on the Turkish Cypriot journalism as ‘political action’ or ‘public opinion shaper’.

Keywords

Cyprus, journalism, ENOSIS, public opinion

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