The art of music has predominantly interacted with different fields of art and different disciplines since the second half of the 19th century. In conjunction with modernism, this interaction has evolved into interdisciplinarity. The progress of science and technology has lead to transformation of existing arts or the emergence of new fields of art. The increasing development of information technology has eradicated the limits in the fields of communication, access to information, articulation and the like. Technology has replaced theory, social critique and the unconscious (Kuspit, 2018:119). The new position which art had evolved to, has ingenerated the aesthetical perspective. Besides, art has evolved to a path focused on the listener or viewer rather than the artist. Within the art of music, composers have started to seek new composition techniques. Over time, they have established their individual methods. In this article, the effects of chaos theory, theory of knowledge and entropy – the second law of thermodynamics – on 20th century art of music will be examined through the exemplification of John Cage’s works.
Chaos Theory, Theory of Knowledge, Entropy, Music, John Cage