A GEOGRAPHY BOOK IN XVITH CENTURY EVZAHÜ'L-MESALIK
XVI. YÜZYILDA BİR COĞRAFYA KİTABI EVZAHÜ’L-MESALİK

Author : Gamze KARGI İNCE
Number of pages : 290-322

Abstract

The Ottoman sultans of the 16th century were in favour of geography studies in their reign as this helped them to expand the boundaries of their country. Consequently Islamic geographical works were introduced and translated into Ottoman Turkic. Furthermore the authors benefited from Persian and Arabic texts and wrote original works. Among the most frequently used sources in geographical works are Takvîmü’l-Büldân which of Ebu'l-Fidâ. Sipahizâde Mehmed bin Alî wrote in Arabic Evzahu’l-Mesâlik ilâ Marifeti’l-Büldânve’l-Memâlik using the same work Abu'l-Fidâ and dedicating it to Sultan Murad the third. Sipahizâde translated his work in an abridged form into Ottoman Turkic, with the request of Sokullu Mehmed Pasha. In the presented study, information is given on Takvîmü’l-Büldân which the main source of manuscript, as well as the writers of these works; Abu'l-Fidâ and Sipahizâde Muhammad bin Alî. Following an introduction on the copyright, bibliography and content of Evzahu'l-Mesâlik, presentation is given on the manuscript’s different copies. In terms of language properties, we analysed the written language, phonetic and morphology of the manuscript of the chosen copy of the manuscript. In the part where we examine the language, properties of the chosen manuscript differing from the Turkish language were also specified. The manuscript is not only significant for reflecting the properties and cultural traits of the language when it was written but also for the richness of the geographical terms and locality names. Thus, it is for this reason that we assume our study will contribute to the studies on Turkology, historical geography and science history.

Keywords

Evzahu’l-Mesalik, Sipahizade Muhammed bin Ali, Ottoman Geography, 16th Century, Ebü’l-F

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