Comparative literature which is also called comparatistic, is one of the branch of literature. Its task and function is to view literary works written as same language or different languages with regards to subject, idea or form, and to detect their similarities and differences, then to aim upgrade of these detections by making interpretation in detail. In this study, in which comparative literature science is used as the main methodology, the concept of comparison was considered as a scientific method, and then the definition, importance, purpose of this term, also it’s development in historical chronology, additionally the approaches of men of letters and other scientists related to literature are emphasised. “Die Leiden des jungen Werther” that is the famous work of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and “Aus dem Leben eines Taugenichts” which is the popular work of Joseph Karl Benedikt Freiherr von Eichendorff are reviewed not only within the scope of comparative literature science, but also within the context of “Nature Fact” and their common aspects and differences were tried to be revealed with examples by elaborating them.
Goethe, Eichendorff, Comparative Literature Science, comparatistic, nature fact, the theme