Along with the Cubism art movement led by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, which emerged at the beginning of the 20th century, Collage technique emerged. The collage technique is obtained by pasting all kinds of materials on the surface. Assemblage technique, on the other hand, was emerged in the works of artists such as Marcel Duchamp and Kurt Schiwitters, and as the art term, it refers to a three-dimensional work in which many materials are brought together. Contemporary art movements and the accompanying techniques have gained a place in world art by being undergone many changes and developments. During this development process, biennials emerged as a tradition of exhibiting contemporary art. Looking at the development process of biennials, their numbers have increased rapidly and undergone some changes from the past to the present. Collage and assemblage techniques continue to be the subject of new problems that can be handled not only in painting but also in architectural and sculpture studies by expanding the scope of painting. In the art of painting, it is seen that the concept underlying the material is important and the thought is guided by the art, and instead of making art based on the skill of the hand, the idea directs the art, even in the canvas painting, it is experienced in a period when the intellectual infrastructure is sought. In this research, the works of artists working in collage and assemblage in 14th and 15th Istanbul biennials were examined and their analyzes were made.
Contemporary Art, Collage, Assemblage, Biennial, İstanbul