Author : Filiz YILDIZHAN
Number of pages : 466-485


As the need for communication among people speaking different languages increases in the rapidly developing world, the need for learning foreign languages has increased and the ways of learning foreign languages have begun to be studied more easily. With this thought moving this study; aimed at facilitating teaching Turkish as a foreign language to the Germans by identifying the different and similar aspects of the Turkish and German combined sentence structures belonging to two separate language families in terms of comparative linguistic method. In this case, the Germans who learn Turkic language encounter a similar structure in their own language and it is important to facilitate learning. Study; first of all, what kind of differences and similarities do they have in terms of Turkish, compound sentences belonging to the German and Ural-Altaic language groups belonging to the "Germanic languages"? Work; The sentences and their varieties which are included in the classification of sentences according to the structure of the sentences in Turkish; a compound sentence with a variety of sentences in German (Zusammengesetzter Satz), a combined sentence with its variants (Nebenordnende), a lower alta unified sentence (Unterordnende), a question compound sentence (Interrogativsatz ) and interest (Relativsatz). This study is a descriptive research and comparative linguistics method is used. Basic grammatical books of both languages have been provided for the comparison of Turkish and German compound sentences and have been used for Peyami Safa's "Lonely" in Turkish and Siegfried Lenz's "Deutschstunde" in German for two sample sentences. The differences between the sentence structure and the compound sentence structure on the two sides were compared according to the comparative linguistic method and the differences and similarities were determined. As a result, in Turkish and German compound sentences, definitions and syntaxes have been identified in addition to many similarities. The compound sentence of Ki is similar to the compound sentences which are frequently used in German, in the sense that the Turkic language belongs to the Indo-European language family, Persian. As seen in the Turkish examples, except for the KI, the side sentences of the compound sentences are at the head and the basic sentences of the German compound sentences are at the end, while the side sentences are at the end. The German envelope element corresponding to this sentence is considered as an element of the basic cümlen and takes place after the predicate while the Temporal Nebensätze (Time Sentence Side Sentence), which is evaluated under the heading of the German sub-alta joint sentences, takes place after the side sentence basic sentence. From these determinations, some suggestions have been made in terms of facilitating the learning of Turkish.


Teaching Turkic language in Germany, Turkish compound sentence structure, German compound sentence s

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