CONSTRUCTION OF TURKISH IDENTITY FROM YUSUF AKÇURA AND ZİYA GÖKALP TO MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK
YUSUF AKÇURA ve ZİYA GÖKALP’TEN MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK’E TÜRK KİMLİĞİNİN İNŞASI

Author : Yasemin IŞIK
Number of pages : 309-336

Abstract

The Turkish intellectual, who discovered his thoughts in search of solutions to social and political problems, questioned the methods of not being oppressed in the face of the West and of being able to continue as a strong state in the Union by aiming to capture the superior characteristics of the west. The Turkish thought developed due to the modernization process; it revolved around the “phenomenon of modernization”. Since the second half of the 19th century, Turkish intellectuals have sought identity with various formulae. There is no doubt that this intellectual accumulation has a great impact on the “Integrative Turkish identity” of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who based the Turkish Revolution on the principles of “nationality” and “civilization”. Yusuf Akçura’s “optionalist” approach in the “Three Styles of Politics” and Ziya Gökalp’s “synthesizer” approach in the “Turkification-Islamization-Modernization” which is referred to as the ‘father of idea of Turkism’, played an important role in the development of the current of nationalism. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who reshaped the Turkism current with the establishment of the state of the Republic of Turkey, built Turkish identity on the understanding of nationalism he developed. In the declaration, the fiction of “Turkish identity”, constructed by Atatürk on the basis of the tripartite classifications of Yusuf Akçura and Ziya Gökalp, which still remains valid today, will be considered comparatively within the framework of the intellectual efforts of the Turkish intellectuals.

Keywords

Intellectual Infrastructure, Identity, Turkish Identity, Yusuf Akçura, Ziya Gökalp, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

Read:131

Download: 55