The study examines the determinants of redistribution preferences at the individual level. We first review theoretical and empirical literature to establish a framework for empirical analyses. Then, we provide the empirical evidence based on the data from World Value Survey (WVS) and European Value Survey (EVS) covering a hundred countries. Results reveal that demographic and socioeconomic factors such as age, birth cohort, gender, marital status influence the redistribution preferences. Income level, relative income, education are significant variables with negative coefficients in the line with the traditional approach of economics and the POUM hypothesis. Besides, we examine further the effect of individual values, norms such as fairness, life control feeling, reciprocity, altruism, and trust. All variables were significant, but especially fairness was higher coefficients. It considered a religion, the interaction of religion with religiousness, ideology, social class, and nationalism as indicators of culture and identity. All variables, especially religion, were significant and important variables.
Redistribution, Income Inequality, Personal Preferences, Social Preferences, Rational Preferences