A CRITICAL APPROACH TO HERAKLEITOS' UNDERSTAND-ING OF DEMOCRACY
HERAKLEİTOS’UN DEMOKRASİ ANLAYIŞINA ELEŞTİREL BİR YAKLAŞIM

Author : Ferhat KUTLUAY
Number of pages : 173-183

Abstract

Heraclitus, one of the important philosophers of antiquity, is known for its opposition to both people and democracy. Heraclitus says that man is an ordinary and unqualified being because of his ignorance or indifference to himself, his environment and the universe, and according to him, there are masses of such people. For this reason, Heraclitus' attitude towards people has manifested itself in the form of belittling or humiliating them. Since the majority of people are unqualified or ordinary in nature, and democracy, which is one of the forms of government, is composed of these unqualified and ordinary people, Heraclitus took a contrary attitude towards democracy. Therefore, this study reveals why Heraclitus has a contradictory attitude towards both people and democracy. At the same time, this study revealed that Herakleitos was in a great injustice both in his harsh attitude towards people and in his attitude towards democracy.

Keywords

Antiquity, Heraclitus, Human, Democracy

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