SOCIAL AND CULTURAL LIFE IN THE UMAYYAD PERIOD BETWEEN A.D. 690 AND 740
M. 690 İLE 740 TARİHLERİ ARASINDA EMEVÎLER DEVRİNDE SOSYAL VE KÜLTÜREL HAYAT

Author : Mehmet BÖLÜKBAŞI
Number of pages : 147-161

Abstract

In this study, informations about the changes in the social, cultural and Islamic sciences between A.D. 690 and 740 was given in the Umayyads. These changes are; It manifested itself in daily life, social and cultural fields, and religious sciences. The main reason for these changes is the developments in the field of economy thanks to the wealth obtained as a result of the conquest movements. In this way, positive advances have emerged in the social and cultural lives of Umayyad administrators and their people. The Umayyads, who previously lived an ordinary life, opened irrigation channels and expanded arable land by drying the marshes in order to improve agricultural activities thanks to the wealth they obtained. However, one of the developments in the field of economy is Abdulmelik b. Marwan (685-705 A.D.) was the suppression of the first money of the Islamic world. This development enabled the Umayyads who used Byzantine money to use their own money. In this way, Umayyads achieved their economic freedom. In the cultural field, the Umayyads, who encountered Persians and Greeks, were influenced by the music culture and singers of these two nations and started to use the musical instruments used by them. In the architectural field; The principles of Islamic art understanding and architecture have emerged. The Umayyad Mosque built in Damascus and Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem are the best examples of Islamic architecture. In addition, important studies have been carried out in fields such as Hadith, Kalam and Tafsir, the foundations of which Islamic sciences have been laid and these studies have contributed greatly to the development of Islamic sciences.

Keywords

Umayyads, Conquest Movements, Irrigation Channels, First Money of Islamic World.

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