EVALUATION OF OUTDOOR PLANTING DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES FOR BLIND PEOPLE
DIŞ MEKANDA GÖRME ENGELLİ BİREYLER İÇİN BİTKİSEL TASARIM OLANAKLARININ İRDELENMESİ

Author : Özlem Candan HERGÜL - Hilal KAHVECİ
Number of pages : 69-85

Summary

Today, in many countries, attempts are being made for further integration of the physically and mentally disabled people, into social life. It is very important sociologically and psychologically, for all individuals with different characteristics, to spend time together, to carry out an active or passive activity in a common place. It is a requirement of modern society to make sure that people with disabilities benefit all fundamental rights, fully and equally. Therefore, "universal design" concept have gained importance recently in urban areas, but it is still not at a level where people with disabilities can feel fully at peace with society. In this study, basically, outdoor design approaches for the blind people are examined. In herbal arrangements to be made for the visually disabled, plants with odor characteristics that activate emotions and senses can be used for guidance. Additionally, planting designs with strong contrasts and outstanding silhouettes can provide visual clues in finding directions for people with low vision. As a result; suggestions should be made for disabled, in outdoor designs so they can benefit from the natural environment, feel themselves belonging to the society and act on their own without help. The level of awareness on this field should be increased on a social basis.

Keywords

Disability, universal design, barrier-free design, planting design

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