The Turkish intellectuals, who included the current politics within their agenda as their main choice, held extensive discussions about the nature of both the single-party system and the new political order to be established. Kemalist thinkers of the time, such as Falih Rıfkı Atay and Necmettin Sadak, regarded the single-party administ-ration as a result of conditions unique to Turkey and saw it as a tran-sition phase that prepared the objective conditions of multi-party po-litical life. Ahmet Emin Yalman, who was at the center of the liberal political thought that opposed this Kemalist approach, criticized the single-party regime for isolating the path of democratic development by creating bureaucratic power centers. He thought that the solution to the crisis was the establishment of a liberal political order that expanded individual freedom on the basis of an approach based on the American system. He argued that, by doing so, Turkey would both influence and pull the Western public opinion to its side against the Soviets and develop its economy systematically.
Democratic Party, Liberalism, Multy -Party Sys-tem, The Republican People's Party.