EXPERIENCE OF TIME BANKING IN TURKEY IN THE CONTEXT OF GIFT ECONOMY: ZUMBARA CASE
ARMAĞAN EKONOMİSİ BAĞLAMINDA TÜRKİYE'DE ZAMAN BANKACILIĞI DENEYİMİ: ZUMBARA VAKASI

Author : Fırat Botan ŞAN - - Yavuz ÇİFTCİ
Number of pages : 354-370

Abstract

In this study, Zumbara (connotation for time and moneybox), which operates as a time bank in Turkey, is discussed in the context of gift economy and its subcomponents social, cultural and symbolic capital. There are approximately 40,000 members of this system from Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. It has been operating since 2009 and is carrying out service exchange with time currency instead of paper money. In the study, this time bank was assessed on the basis of reciprocity principle of gift economy and Bourdieu's theory of non-economic capital factors. In the study, we methodically used mixed methods and first applied quantitative analysis to the data obtained from the system of time bank, and then we analyzed the findings in depth by face-to-face interview with three managers of time bank. When we consider these types of capital in the context of Turkey, the border between them is very blurry. However, we have tried to adhere to the definitions in the literature and have discussed cultural capital in the context of education, social capital in terms of activity meetings and geographical framework and symbolic capital in the context of work and graduation qualification. As a result, we have found that the time bank does not operate fully in the context of the gift economy, but the cultural, symbolic and social capital is important for participation in the system.

Keywords

Time banking, Gift economy, Social Capital

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