Language and dialect are independent systems which are used in different functions. Limitation on amount of language varieties is irreversible and objective process. In this regard the main task of linguists is to work on ethnic, cultural and language research and to document them for future generations. Changes in social conditions of life are sure to specify the state of dialects. Original lexical minimum is no longer in use due to the shift of dialects or influence of other languages. Otemish- 5000-year-old village-is used to be the capital of Otemish Sultanate. Inhabitants of Otemish which are known for the fearless fight against Nader Shah and Peter the Great are the speakers of the most ancient dialect of Kumyk language. Turkic words are the basis of this dialect.
Kumuk language, Otemish dialect, linguistic mutation, linguistic characteristics