The industrial revolution which started with the development of steam engines in the 18th century, has experienced significant changes in the process that has come to the present. Today human power has been replaced by machines, automation and digitalized business processes. Developing strategies for the improvement of industrial establishments that maket he greatest contribution to the social, cultural and economic development of countries and societies also contributes to employment and performance increase. Careful projects should be developed for environmental sustainability in industrialization, especially not to harm the ecological environment. In recent years, the 4.0 Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0), which is associated with technologies with smart technological equipment of production systems, has brought many discussions with it. In addition to the benefits of hardware such as artificial intelligence, cloud systemand big data problems such as unemployment and network security brought about by robotization have also been brought to the agenda. Environmental wastes brought by digitalization cause serious problems. In recent years, the negative aspects of rapid technological developments have begun to be examined. In this new process, which presents a new paradigm in production where the biggest change is experienced in the industrial field, the development of solution methods and models by determining the problems that arise in this new process will contribute to the improvement of systems that are in communication with each other. When the literature is examined, it has been observed that the dark aspects of indusrty 4.0 are also discussed. Discussing and evaluating the positive and dark aspects of Industry 4.0 by increasing these researches will contribute to the management of industrial systems and the literature. In this research, the innovations and problems brought by the 4.0 Industrial Revolution were examined.