REVITALISING STREET CULTURE AGAINST THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

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Number of pages: 395-406
Year-Number: 2021-123

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Abstract

The position of the street in the social life of a city is important and it is possible to develop a systematic description of social behaviour through careful observation and study of particular streets. The street helps us examine environmental and ecological psychology and some aspects of human behaviour, as well as providing both a comprehensive account of the role of space in social change and a reflection of the history of cultural and historical space. Taking this into consideration, it can be argued that understanding both necessary and complementary human need with space syntax can guide the design of social streets. Therefore, developing vibrant and inclusive urban environments and strategies that increase the efficiency and enjoyment of streets are crucial. Like any urban human behaviour, social behaviour on the street ultimately reveals the interaction between people and space. Among the factors that influence social behaviour, the characteristics of individuals (age, gender, cultural affiliation, past experiences, needs and expectations and emotional state) and characteristics of the environment (location, access, configuration, situation, facilities, sensory qualities, activities and people within them) are among the most important qualities. Without over-emphasising the role of space as the determinant of urban behaviour, it is possible to argue that social relations can be formed through space, can be limited and mediated by space. In other words; urban designs can act as a catalyst for the display of a behaviour if people are inclined to a certain behaviour, or even to try something new that they may have seen or heard about. It is understood that the role of planning and design is to provide the best possible conditions to support new social behaviours which will be affected by the design to cause the desired behaviour. This study will discuss the barriers and opportunities created by the COVID-19 pandemic to revitalise streets.

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