The 19th century is a century in which fabric activities in the Ottoman Empire were subject to decline. In this century, the empire, which wanted to continue its traditional fabric weaving, could not remain indifferent to western-style fabrics at the same time, with a regulation published in 1828, it was stated what people would wear, and the caftan clothing was abolished. For this reason, there are not many examples of caftans belonging to the Sultans, and the looms woven by palace fabrics leave their place to fabrics woven on jacquard looms. The situation is not much different with the fabrics used in folk clothing. In this study, some of the fabrics used in the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century were examined in terms of pattern, color and variety, and examples of the fabrics used by the people of the palace and the people were given.