أساليب التكوين التصويري في الفن الحديث

Author:

Number of pages: 177-197
Year-Number: 2019-98

Abstract

يﺘﺴﻌﻰ ﻫذﻩ اﻟدارﺴﺔ ﻨﺤو ﺘﻌرﯿف اﻟﻔﻨﺎن اﻟﻌرﺒﻲ ذو اﻟﺘوﺠﻬﺎت اﻟﺒﺤﺜﯿﺔ اﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﻤﺎرﺴﺎت اﻹﺒداﻋﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻔﻨون اﻟﺒﺼرﯿﺔ ﻤن ﺨﻼل ﺘﺤﻠﯿل ﻋدد ﻤن اﻟﻠوﺤﺎت اﻟﻤﺨﺘﺎرة ﻟﻠﺘرﻛﯿز ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺠﺎرب اﻟﺘﺼوﯿرﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﻨﺎﻨﯿن اﻻﻨطﺒﺎﻋﯿﯿن .ﻫذﻩ دارﺴﺔ ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ ﺒﺎﻷﺴﺎس ﺘﻌﺘﻤد ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺤﺎﻛﺎة ﺘﻘﻨﯿﺎت اﻟﻘرن اﻟﺘﺎﺴﻊ ﻋﺸر )اﻟﺤدﯿﺜﺔ/اﻻﻨطﺒﺎﻋﯿﺔ( ﻹﻋﺎدة إﺴﺘﺨداﻤﻬﺎ ﺒﺸﻛل ﻤﻌﺎﺼر ﯿﺼﻠﺢ ﻟﻠﻤﻤﺎرﺴﺎت اﻟﻔﻨﯿﺔ واﻻﺒداﻋﯿﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﯿﻨﻬﺠﻬﺎ اﻟﻔﻨﺎﻨون اﻟﯿوم .ﯿرﺒط ﻫذا اﻟﺒﺤث ﺘطوارت اﻟﻠوﺤﺔ اﻟﺤدﯿﺜﺔ )ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘرن اﻟﺘﺎﺴﻊ ﻋﺸر( ﺒﺘطور اﻟﺘﺼوﯿر اﻟﻔوﺘوﻏارﻓﻲ، اﻟذي ﻛﺎن ﻟﻪ ﺘﺄﺜﯿر واﻀﺢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓن اﻟرﺴم واﻟﺘﺼوﯿر ﺨﻼل ﻤرﺤﻠﺔ اﻟﻔﻨون اﻻﻨطﺒﺎﻋﯿﺔ .و ﺘرﻛز ﻫذﻩ اﻟورﻗﺔ اﻟﺒﺤﺜﯿﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ال ﺘﺠرﺒﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ ﻟﺘﺤﻠﯿل اﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺒﯿن اﻟﺘﺼوﯿر اﻟﻔوﺘوﻏارﻓﻲ و ﻓن اﻟرﺴم واﻟﺘﺼوﯿر ﻤن ﺨﻼل إﻋﺎدة إﻨﺸﺎء/إﻋﺎدة ﺼﻨﻊ ﺘﺠﺎرب اﻟﻔﻨﺎﻨﯿن اﻟﺘﺼوﯿرﯿﺔ .و ﯿﻘوم ﻫذا اﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ اﻟﺒﺤﺜﻲ اﻟﻌﻤﻠﻲ ﺒﻨﻘل وﺘطوﯿر اﻟدارﺴﺔ اﻻﻛﺎدﯿﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺘﻘﻠﯿدﯿﺔ ﻟﻔن اﻟﺘﺼوﯿر إﻟﻰ ﻤﻘﺎرﺒﺔ أﻛﺜر ﻤﻌﺎﺼرة، ﺤﯿث ﯿﺴﺘﺨدم اﻟﻤؤﻟﻔون اﻟﻤارﺠﻊ اﻟﻔوﺘوﻏارﻓﯿﺔ ﻟﻤﺤﺎﻛﺎة أﺴﺎﻟﯿب اﻟرﺴﺎﻤﯿن اﻟﺤدﯿﺜﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﻤﺎرﺴﺎﺘﻬم ﻋﺒر ﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ أﻋﻤﺎل ﻓﻨﯿﺔ ﺘﺼوﯿرﯿﺔ ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ .وﯿﺴﻌﻰ ﻫذا اﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ اﻟﺒﺤﺜﻲ اﻟﻘﺎﺌم ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﻤﺎرﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ اﻟﻰ ﺘطوﯿر ﻤازوﻻت ﺘﻌﻠﯿم و ﺘﻌﻠﱞم اﻟﻔن ﻓﻲ ﻤﺨﺘﻠف اﻟﻤﺴﺘوﯿﺎت اﻷﻛﺎدﯿﻤﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺎت وﻤارﻛز اﻟﺒﺤوث اﻟﻌرﺒﯿﺔ .

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Abstract

This investigation aims to introduce Arab Research-Oriented Artists to significant creative practices in the art of Modern Painting. Through analyzing selected paintings, the research focuses on the method developments in painting techniques in the impressionist style. These developments appeared on the technical as well as compositional elements in the impressionist paintings. The present study is a re-creational critique of the new practices that emerged through modern painting. It connects the developments of modern painting to the development of photography, which had a clear impact on the art of painting during the impressionist phase. At this point, the study uses a practice-based approach to analyze the relationship between photography and painting through re-creating/re-making the methods of the artists in the artwork production. This research approach transfers the traditional study of painting to a contemporary approach, into which the authors use photographic references to simulate the modern painters' methods in their practices. Through a series of various painting practices, the purpose of this approach is to develop the painting learning/teaching practices at different academic levels in Arab universities and research centers.

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