İSMAİL YAKIT’IN “YAKUT’TAN TARİHLER” ADLI ESERİNDE TARİH DÜŞÜRME SANATI VE ÇEŞİTLERİ

Author:

Number of pages: 500-522
Year-Number: 2017-46

Abstract

Ebced, Arap harflerinin kolay ezberlenmesi için oluşturulan sekiz kelimeden ilkidir. Ebced yöntemi ile tarih düşürme sanatı, İslam toplumunda yüzyıllardan beri var olan bir sanat türüdür. Harflerin rakamlar ile olan ilişkisine dayanan ebced, Türk-İslam kültüründe var olan cami, çeşme, köprü, medrese, kışla, mezar taşı kitabelerinde ve birçok yazılı eserde tarih düşürme yöntemi ile kullanılmıştır. Osmanlı’da, daha çok

Keywords

Abstract

Ebced is the first of the eight words created for easy memorization of the Arabic letters. Ebced art, which is the art of date identification, has been used in the Islamic community for centuries. Ebced art is based on the relationship between letters and numbers and it has been used for identifying date in several Turkish-Islamic cultural assets such as mosques, fountains, bridges, madrasahs, barracks, grave Stones and in many written works. In the Ottoman period, almost every poet was attracted to history poems which we mainly see in Divan. This art not only took attention in ancient times, but also in the latest century, researchers have been interested in it. Ismail Yakıt is one of these researches and a representative of this art with his numerous studies on the art of Ebced and date identification and his 1300 history poems. In this paper, information about the art of Ebced and date identification is given based on Ismail Yakıt’s Works; the methods used in his book, titled “Yakut’tan Tarihler” are discussed and the methods and ways of this art are explored.

Keywords