THE MARGINALIZED/ALIENATED WOMEN WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF MORAL NORMS IN TANZIMAT REFORM ERA DRAMA
TANZİMAT DÖNEMİ TİYATRO ESERLERİNDE AHLAKİ NORMLAR ÇERÇEVESİNDE ÖTEKİLEŞTİRİLEN/ AYRIŞTIRILAN KADIN

Author : Gökçen SEVİM
Number of pages : 270-292

Abstract

Individuals continue their existence by adapting to several norms and orders determined by society. An individual who goes beyond the moral rules which are one of the predetermined norms is marginalized or cast away by society. Moral norms which are an important part of social and individual life include criteria that provide interpersonal order and determine positive and negative behaviors. Thus, it is of importance to comply with the moral rules in order to sustain the function of social structure and provide the interpersonal order. Changes and corruption occur in social structure as in many other fields with modernization and this change causes staggering effects in families and thus, in society. Therefore, intellectuals of the Tanzimat Reform era base this mission that would prevent negative behaviors starting from the family and ultimately affecting the society on women. Hence, women who are regarded as the organizers of social order, are perceived significant since they have moral competence and raise the new generation. Artists of the Tanzimat Reform era believe that complying with the moral principles by the women would affect the social order as much as their contribution to the family. In drama, the artists demonstrate how important these features are and what sort of problems would occur in the absence of these features by including female characters possessing or not possessing moral qualifications.

Keywords

Drama, Moral, Woman

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