The Fatah movement played a pioneering role in paving the path of military resistance against Israel and its development when it was launched in the 1960s. The movement also managed to pave the way for a peaceful settlement with Israel that began since the 1970s when PLO's ten-point program was announced in 1974, which included articles stipulating acceptance of a Palestinian state. It was followed by a state of dispute within Fatah, which was reflected in its ideology and political practice later. In this framework comes this study, which is divided into two main sections, the first deals with armed resistance and peaceful settlement in the political thought of Fatah, by relying on the primary sources and Fatah leaders' statements and the official documents issued by its leadership, while the second section deals with the position of armed resistance and peaceful settlement in the political practice of the Fatah movement, within a timeline extends from Fatah's inception in 1965 until 2017, when the movement's seventh conference ended with a turning point in Fatah's position on military and peaceful solutions.
Fatah movement, the Palestinian cause, armed resistance, peaceful settlement.