APPLICATION OF ROSETTE STONE ORNAMENTATIONS USED IN HASAN SULTAN TOMB IN AHLAT TO TILE SURFACES
AHLAT HASAN PADİŞAH KÜMBETİNDE KULLANILAN GÜLBEZEKLERDEKİ KOMPOZİSYONLARIN ÇİNİ YÜZEYLERE UYGULANMASI

Author : Funda KOÇER
Number of pages : 97-114

Abstract

Ahlat had been a great hub for science, trade and art from mid-12 th century to mid -15 th century. It is under understood that artists from Ahlat who had been an idol in every field of art, were the stone masters seen on the gravestones and they were also architects. It is also understood from the architect signatures on the tombs that they succeeded significant works in this field as well. Hasan Sultan Tomb which is the subject of our article, is one of the most important buildings in Ahlat in terms of its ornamentation and architecture. Located in Taht-ı Süleyman Street in the center of the district, the tomb consists of two floors. Its square shaped base edges were bevelled and a twelve-cornered structure was formed. The structure was completed with a cylindrical cone. Built of smooth cut stone material, stone ornamentations on the exterior walls of the tomb are rather remarkable. Wide kerb is geometric braided on the outer part and it contains rosette stone forms consisting of geometric and rumi patterns in the inner part. İn this article, compositions consisting of geometric and rumi patterns as the form of rosette stone used in the building, are determined, reformed and appliwd to tile surfaces. Designs are colored with turquise blue, cobalt blue, black and eggplant purple which are seen on Seljuk tiles and oven dried using theglaze technique. In addition, colored glaze technique is used in some Works. It is aimed to acquire new designs by transfering the intellection of rich pattern and composition on stone ornamentations to tiles.

Keywords

Ahlat, Tiles, Stone, Ornamentation.

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