SOME REASONS ON THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF AL - FARABI, ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FIGURES IN TURKISH ISLAMIC CULTURAL HISTORY, TO ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION
ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ O ВКЛАДAX АЛЬ ФАРАБИ- ОДНОГO ИЗ ВАЖНЫХ ДЕЯТЕЛЕЙ В ИСТОРИИ ТУРЕЦКОЙ КУЛЬТУРЫ- В ИСЛАМСКУЮ ЦИВИЛИЗАЦИЮ

Author : Vesile ŞEMŞEK
Number of pages : 218-232

Summary

Farabi, one of the most important figures of Turkish-Islamic history, which in the Latin middle Ages was called Alfarabius and Abunaser. Farabi received a good education in the Samanid state, where the language of education was Arabic, and Farsi is known to be partially studied as a literary language. But the first education he received at home is not known in detail and who his teachers were. Although there is no clear information in classical sources, it is estimated that Farabi visited important scientific and cultural centers of his region or Iran, such as Bukhara, Samarkand, Merv and Balkh, and then arrived in Baghdad. For the first time in the Islamic world, the philosophical movement started by Kindi and the Meshshay movement that he formed formed the basis of his own faith and culture. Farabi, who built an eclectic system by adding some elements that he got from purple and the New purple, was named after Aristotle under the name “muallim-I-Sani " because of the well-deserved fame that he received. He displayed the reserved behavior expected of him, telling those who asked” " are You better informed or Aristotle“,” if I caught up with Aristotle, I would be one of his most outstanding students." The ultimate goal of this research, prepared in Russian, is to identify the scientific and cultural values that Islam brings to different civilizations. In addition, to identify how Farabi has contributed to the Islamic civilization. And thus, to reveal Farabi's contribution to Islamic civilization, which is also a moral civilization, and to tell the peoples living in Russia.

Keywords

Turkish history, Islam, civilization, philosopher, Farabi

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