Mary Magdalene, the daughter of Martha and Lazarus of Bethany, as a woman began to be called a sinner devoted himself to worldly pleasures, began to pursue an honorable life by listening to Jesus. Therefore, in Christian art, sinfulness and penitent are two important qualities that determine its identity. According to the Gospel of John, Mary Magdalene, who stood beside Jesus in the crucifixion, came to the fore the first time in her resurrection. It is invetiabla to see a jar or vase of ointment and flowing, long hair as depiction of Mary Magdalene. In this research, the life of Mary Magdalene was examined within the light of canonical Bible and the legends written about her and then each section of her life is supported by examples from different periods of European painting art.
Iconography, Jar of Ointment, Lazarus of Bethany, Mary Magdalene, Martha.