The narrative meaning that the Prophet (pbuh) did not beat any woman in his life as his actional sunnah but permitted beating women is shown as a religious reference to violence against women. As a matter of fact, this kind of narrative is included in the Tafseer of words "al-Nushuz" and "Darb" in Surah al-Nisa, āyah 34. No study on the analysis and evaluation about this controversial narrative that was narrated by an unconfirmed companion of the Prophet (pbuh), Iyas b. Abdullah b. Abū Zūbab as al-Khabar al-Wāḥid has been confirmed. The aim of this article is to examine whether this narrative that is embraced as a religious reference and source of violence belongs to the prophet. It is also among the aims of the article to examine how this narrative is understood and interpreted by mutaqaddimin and mutaakhirin ulamas. In the study, an assessment will also be made on whether the narrative that was narrated as al-Khabar al-Wāḥid is Mursal Hadith, and on how it was mentioned and understood in the sources of hadith in the historical process. The problem posed by the narrative claiming that The Prophet (pbuh) permitted to practice the behavior which he never attempted in his life and the solutions and interpretations provided by today's Muslims for it will be evaluated.
Hadith, Darb, Mursal, Nushus, Violence against women, al-Khabar al-Wāḥ