Turkey, which has had the experience of parliamentary democracy, has gradually started to discuss the effectiveness of the presidential system, especially since the second half of 1980s. What is more significant is that the presidential system comes to the fore intensively especially during the periods in which political leaders are in power, that is, when they are embraced by both their own political party and by the majority of the public. The parliamentary system is believed to have been the source of the economic crisis, instability, coalition gridlocks, etc. coming into being in different periods and the solution put forward has been the presidential or semi-presidential systems. The indispensable factors which would help implement the presidential system properly and effectively or the ones which would balance the system between the president and the public have mostly been disregarded. At this very point, the characteristics of political culture should be examined thoroughly and it should be checked whether the reconciliation culture, which is a prerequisite to the transition to presidential or semi-presidential system, has been formed or not. It is more likely or probable that the steps taken towards the transition to the presidential or semi-presidential system without the reconciliation culture being embraced by the majority of the public or without the essential institutions being established would bring about more negative consequences rather than bring stability to the country.
The Reconciliation Culture, Presidential System, Semi-Presidential System, Turkey