Tombstones are historical documents with important data in terms of culture and art history. Research has shown that every society in Anatolia reflects their cultural characteristics in their tombstones. Ahlat, which is one of the most beautiful places reflecting the Turkish-Islamic synthesis in historical and cultural terms, has been the subject of our research with its tombstones. The motifs, writings and embroideries in the ornaments of the gravestones found here are the result of the fusion of Central Asian culture and Anatolian cultural characteristics. In addition, the decorations of tombstones in this region, where Islamic religion is dominant, developed within the framework of the influence of religion. Herbal and geometric decorations, borders, dragon motifs, candlestick and oil lamps are the main decorative elements of the tombstones. In addition, the verses and inscriptions in the Holy Quran are located on the tombstones. Each motif or inscription used has a special meaning and is processed for a purpose. In addition to Islamic characteristics, Central Asian influence is also felt. Among the ornamental elements used in tombstones, the oil lamp motif on the tombstone is striking to illuminate the tomb of the deceased to the hereafter. The fact that the candle, which is actually a means of use, becomes a decorative element in the tombstone is a phenomenon that develops entirely on faith. The origin of this phenomenon and its historical meanings constitute the subject of our research.
Ahlat, Ornament, Believing.