EVALUATION OF THE “ETHICAL EXISTENCE STYLE” OF THE INDIVIDUAL IN KIERKEGAARD PHILOSOPHY
KIERKEGAARD FELSEFESİNDE BİREYİN “ETİK VAROLUŞ” TARZININ DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

Author : Sibel KADIOĞLU - Emel KOÇ
Number of pages : 505-521

Abstract

Kierkegaard has taken its place in the history of philosophy with its questioning attitude towards the dominant tradition of thought of the age and important thoughts about human life. He calls the reader to an internal questioning of his own life with his works that combine dialectic and ironic method with literary style. His understanding of subjective truth, for making existence of individual meaningful, which he developed especially against Kant and Hegel’s ratio-centered philosophies, compels us to consider the nature of human again. Kierkegaard leads the discussion of the principles of universality and rationality in the non-doctrinal morality. He finds valuable that individual's choices and actions as a result of internal orientation in the living space, in terms of reaching his own truth. In this study, while examining the ethical position of the individual within the realms of existence that gives Kierkegaard philosophy an integrated structure, ‘the problem of suspension of ethics’ and the criticisms that Kierkegaard is targeted will be evaluated. Kierkegaard's radical views on the field of life, which emphasize the existence of the individual in the presence of God in the face of universal ethical values, will continue to be discussed with the quality of balance in the face of the lost importance of being a concrete individual in our age.

Keywords

Kierkegaard, ethic, individual, existence, subjectivity, inwardness.

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