IMPORTANT GOD AND GODDNES SCULAPTURE OF HINDUISM
HİNDUİZM’İN ÖNEMLİ TANRI VE TANRIÇA HEYKELLERİ

Author : Canan SÖNMEZDAĞ ZÖNGÜR
Number of pages : 113-147

Abstract

The subject of sculpture has been model into in the form of idealized human bodies of gods and goddesses who have long lived in polytheistic religions. The situation is also true for Hinduism. In Hinduism, in fact there is a single invisible God, but this is a difficult situation in terms of artistic representation. For this reason, Hindus have made sculptures and paintings by describing different characters and tasks to God and Goddess depicted in human bodies that can be seen and worshiped. The basic gods of Hinduism have been depicted as the Trinity (Trimurti). These are Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma. In the present research, in addition to these three gods, Lakshima, Durga, Sarasvati, Krishna, Rama, Hanuman, Ganesha, Kali, Nandi, Ganga, and Budha were mentioned. Each has its own characteristics and tasks. At first glance they are similar, but when they define some concepts and symbols related to Hindu belief, their differences are obvious. In the study, these concepts were mentioned and it was researched how the Gods and Goddesses, their duties and sculptures were made by taking into account the points and concepts.

Keywords

Sculpture, Hinduism, Gods, Goddess

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